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SEMINARS&CONFERENCES

The seminar on the discussion of methods and algorithm of monitoring visits to stationary establishments of Ministry of Social Policy.

07.06.11 | Svetlana Shcherban
On 28-29 May 2011 in Sudak, Crimea Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches held a seminar on the discussion of methods and algorithm of monitoring visits to stationary establishments of the system of grant of social services within the project "Inventory of places of detention in Ukraine as a prerequisite for creating a national preventive mechanism against torture is supported by International Renaissance Foundation. The leading specialists of Main Headquarters of Labour and Social Care of Kharkiv Regional State Administration, and also directors of residential establishments of the system of social care of population and territorial centers for social care (granting of social services), which contain stationary boarding schools, where elderly, mentally ill, disabled people on full state care took attended the seminar. The participants of meeting repeatedly did an accent on the specific of the transferred categories of persons, which are contained in the indicated establishments. It was noted that during the monitoring it is necessary to pay attention to these features, and prescribe them in the monitoring letter for each institution separately. For example, for the disabled people should be made for their movement throughout the establishment (the presence of light carts, ramps), for the elderly should be the access to information about the calculation of pensions and so on.
SEMINARS&CONFERENCES

The conference within the framework of the European Union/Council of Europe Joint Programme "Combating Ill-treatment and Impunity"

07.06.11 | Maria Kolokolova
On June 2-3, 2011 the International Conference devoted discussion of the issues of developing effective complaints systems in line with European standards was held in Kyiv, Ukraine. The Conference was organized by the Council of Europe within Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe Combating ill-treatment and impunity in South Caucasus, Moldova and Ukraine, in cooperation with the Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches. Vladimir Ristovski, Ambassador, Representative of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe on the Coordination of the Council of Europe Cooperation Programmes/Head of the Council of Europe Office in Kyiv; Artashes Melikyan, Head of Unit, Judiciary Division, Legal and Human Rights Capacity Building Department, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs, Council of Europe; Denys Kobzin, Director, Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches made introductory speeches. The leading international and national experts, representatives of Offices of the Prosecutors General, Ministries of Interior, institutes of Justice, Ombudsman institutions, human rights activists, and members of NGOs participated in the Conference.
UNLAWFUL VIOLENCE

Speeches Compendium and Recommendations of the Third East European Conference on National Preventive Mechanisms, Combating and Investigating Ill-Treatment, held in Odessa, Ukraine on November 2-3, 2010

06.05.11 | Andrew Chernousov
The right to freedom from torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment is an imperative norm of international law. According to major international human rights instruments such as the European Convention on Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and others, no derogation (no exception) is allowed from this fundamental human right.
HUMAN RIGHTS

INTOLERANT ACTIVITIES AND ORGANISATIONS IN UKRAINE

04.05.11 | Denys Kobzin, Andrew Chernousov
Today as never before it is necessary therefore to understand to what extent extremist racism and intolerance are organized; whether there really exist organizations aimed at driving out all Non-Slavs from the territory of Ukraine by any means in the country; who and how is involved in that activity; how open and orderly propaganda of racism and intolerance in Ukraine is. In our opinion it will allow us to comprehend the essence and peculiarities of the phenomenon and work out elements of the strategy of combating organised xenophobia in the country.
PUBLICATIONS

Public opinion on militia work criterion, emotions or profanation?

27.04.11 | Denys Kobzin, translated by Maria Kolokolova
Recently, at the beginning of April 2011 on the official web site of the Ministry of Interior Headquarters in Kharkov region (www.police.kharkov.ua) online-survey on the evaluation of the militia work appeared. Developers of the Internet questionnaire offered everyone to answer a simple question: How do you estimate the work of Kharkiv militia? Options were: positive, negative and doubt with answer. Quite unexpectedly, the questionnaire caused a strong interest among the Internet audience, and within two days the number of votes reached three thousand people. Splash of interest to this type of questionnaire and, accordingly, a significant increase on-site traffic of Regional Headquarters can be explained by the fact that there is a need for evaluation of the militia activity and a feedback from society. On the one hand, it would make possible to reveal how people really perceive the militias work. On the other hand, - it would become a basis for dialogue and some sort of adjustment of relations and improvement of activity in future. The fundamental change of the current system of indicators in the Ministry of Interior, which are recognized inefficient and even to a certain extent destructive for activity of law - enforcement by everyone (including militia officers), could become one of the major results of such initiative.

Is it relevant to study employment discrimination of seniors?

16.03.11 | Maria Kolokolova, Svetlana Scherban
The demographic situation in Ukraine has been remaining unsatisfactory for last two decades, and all predictions for future suggest that Ukrainian nation will be reduced and aged significantly to 2025. The aging population problem leads to another problem the pressure on the labor market. According to the sociologists estimations, today for 100 working there are 86.2 pensioners, and to 2025 these parts will be equal. Not only absences of effective demographic state policy prevents from solve of such difficult situation, but also there are unsettled problems on optimization of labor market, overcome of unemployment and age discrimination. Today, according to the official statistics, there is more then half a million of registered unemployed in Ukraine, a total number of unemployed amount to 1.8 million people, among which one-third are 45-59 years old people. Representatives of this age group have the biggest living and professional experience, but because of number of reasons they are outside of labor market.
HUMAN RIGHTS

LEVEL OF LEGAL CAPACITY OF THE UKRAINIAN POPULATION: ACCESSIBILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF LEGAL SERVICES

09.03.11 | Denys Kobzin
Both everyday experience and research show that these days a large number of Ukrainian citizens encounter certain barriers in obtaining high quality, timely legal services in case of facing legal problems. This is related to paid and free of charge services. According to prior research, almost every third Ukrainian needs some legal assistance every year. At the same time, it is impossible to analyze problems, related to the provision of legal services to the citizens, without detailed description of the situation in the area of legal services provision. For this reason, Kharkov Institute of Social Research and International Renaissance Foundation performed a comprehensive analysis of accessibility of legal services and justice in Ukraine. It should be noted that access to justice is a phenomenon that is difficult to measure. In general, this is due to the complexity of the operationalization of the concept, which inevitably entails difficulties in the preparation of valid instruments, construction of relevant procedures and selection of research methods. Nevertheless, the aim of the study was to assess the accessibility of justice in Ukraine. With this aim a number of tasks were completed during the research: analysis of the availability of legal information and legal advice, the role and effectiveness of government bodies in solving legal problems and barriers to justice. Furthermore, the structure of the research allowed us to the study the prevalence of various legal issues in the lives of Ukrainians and their significance, as well as respondents behavior when confronted with legal problems. In addition, a separate block of the study was devoted to the investigation of the attitude of Ukrainians to the existing legal system and courts.
EVENTS

Launching the Project "Inventory list of detention places as necessary precondition of NPM designation in Ukraine"

08.02.11 | Andrew Chernousov, Svetlana Shcherban
Ukraine has ratified the Optional Protocol to UN Convention Against Torture on June 21 2006. Since that date the State has to designate/establish or appoint a National Preventive Mechanism(s) against torture and ill-treatment. Proposed by the OPCAT system is basically concentrated on the prevention of torture and ill-treatment rather than on investigation and reaction on the given facts. The Protocol is based on the statement: the more transparent custody the less occurrence of torture and ill-treatment.

ASSESSMENT OF POLICING IN KHARKIV AND KHARKIV REGION: CITIZENS PERCEPTION

KhISR

This study is an independent assessment of the current policing situation in Kharkiv and Kharkiv Region and confidence in the police conducted by Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches supported by Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group.

Using Public Opinion for Evaluation of Police Performance

National Survey Report

Our national survey report "Using Public Opinion for Evaluation of Police Performance" is now available in English.

Study of legal problem of Roma people in Transcarpathia and Cherkasy Regions of Ukraine

Svitlana Shcherban
Conducted researches in Ukraine demonstrated that discriminatory practices are purely distributed and actual towards particular ethnic groups. One of the most vulnerable stigmatized categories are Roma people, because most of them faced their rights violations are unable either to formulate their problems nor to protect their rights. In spite of the declared democratization processes in Ukrinae we still experiencing massive violations of Romas rights, neglecting human rights standards, humiliation of human dignity.

The conference within the framework of the European Union/Council of Europe Joint Programme "Combating Ill-treatment and Impunity"

Maria Kolokolova
On June 2-3, 2011 the International Conference devoted discussion of the issues of developing effective complaints systems in line with European standards was held in Kyiv, Ukraine. The Conference was organized by the Council of Europe within Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe Combating ill-treatment and impunity in South Caucasus, Moldova and Ukraine, in cooperation with the Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches.

SUMMARY OF THE RESEARCH MONITORING OF UNLAWFUL VIOLENCE IN MILITIA - 2010

Denys Kobzin, Andrew Chernousov
In the previous edition of the Monitoring of unlawful violence in militia - 2009 weve ascertained that Ukraine has made a number of sufficient steps forward in the direction of improving standards of human rights protection. But to our deepest regret finalizing results of year 2010, we should admit absence of any promotion of declared changes and the beginning of the dangerous reverse action.

Deaths in militia (police) custody: what to do?

Andrew Chernousov, translated by Maria Kolokolova
Deaths in militia (police) custody: what to do? For the last year the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine became a some sort of record holder: under its jurisdiction more then 50 Ukrainians DIED. Of course not all deaths were caused by militiamen, but in significant number of cases they were involved. Igor Indylo, Myhailo Stadnyk, Dmytro Yashchuk, Olexandr Razumenko this list may be continued, but all these names are combined by one disaster they DIED in militia stations