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PUBLICATIONS

Public opinion on militia work criterion, emotions or profanation?

27.04.11 | Denys Kobzin, translated by Maria Kolokolova
Recently, at the beginning of April 2011 on the official web site of the Ministry of Interior Headquarters in Kharkov region (www.police.kharkov.ua) online-survey on the evaluation of the militia work appeared. Developers of the Internet questionnaire offered everyone to answer a simple question: How do you estimate the work of Kharkiv militia? Options were: positive, negative and doubt with answer. Quite unexpectedly, the questionnaire caused a strong interest among the Internet audience, and within two days the number of votes reached three thousand people. Splash of interest to this type of questionnaire and, accordingly, a significant increase on-site traffic of Regional Headquarters can be explained by the fact that there is a need for evaluation of the militia activity and a feedback from society. On the one hand, it would make possible to reveal how people really perceive the militias work. On the other hand, - it would become a basis for dialogue and some sort of adjustment of relations and improvement of activity in future. The fundamental change of the current system of indicators in the Ministry of Interior, which are recognized inefficient and even to a certain extent destructive for activity of law - enforcement by everyone (including militia officers), could become one of the major results of such initiative.

Is it relevant to study employment discrimination of seniors?

16.03.11 | Maria Kolokolova, Svetlana Scherban
The demographic situation in Ukraine has been remaining unsatisfactory for last two decades, and all predictions for future suggest that Ukrainian nation will be reduced and aged significantly to 2025. The aging population problem leads to another problem the pressure on the labor market. According to the sociologists estimations, today for 100 working there are 86.2 pensioners, and to 2025 these parts will be equal. Not only absences of effective demographic state policy prevents from solve of such difficult situation, but also there are unsettled problems on optimization of labor market, overcome of unemployment and age discrimination. Today, according to the official statistics, there is more then half a million of registered unemployed in Ukraine, a total number of unemployed amount to 1.8 million people, among which one-third are 45-59 years old people. Representatives of this age group have the biggest living and professional experience, but because of number of reasons they are outside of labor market.
HUMAN RIGHTS

LEVEL OF LEGAL CAPACITY OF THE UKRAINIAN POPULATION: ACCESSIBILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF LEGAL SERVICES

09.03.11 | Denys Kobzin
Both everyday experience and research show that these days a large number of Ukrainian citizens encounter certain barriers in obtaining high quality, timely legal services in case of facing legal problems. This is related to paid and free of charge services. According to prior research, almost every third Ukrainian needs some legal assistance every year. At the same time, it is impossible to analyze problems, related to the provision of legal services to the citizens, without detailed description of the situation in the area of legal services provision. For this reason, Kharkov Institute of Social Research and International Renaissance Foundation performed a comprehensive analysis of accessibility of legal services and justice in Ukraine. It should be noted that access to justice is a phenomenon that is difficult to measure. In general, this is due to the complexity of the operationalization of the concept, which inevitably entails difficulties in the preparation of valid instruments, construction of relevant procedures and selection of research methods. Nevertheless, the aim of the study was to assess the accessibility of justice in Ukraine. With this aim a number of tasks were completed during the research: analysis of the availability of legal information and legal advice, the role and effectiveness of government bodies in solving legal problems and barriers to justice. Furthermore, the structure of the research allowed us to the study the prevalence of various legal issues in the lives of Ukrainians and their significance, as well as respondents behavior when confronted with legal problems. In addition, a separate block of the study was devoted to the investigation of the attitude of Ukrainians to the existing legal system and courts.
EVENTS

Launching the Project "Inventory list of detention places as necessary precondition of NPM designation in Ukraine"

08.02.11 | Andrew Chernousov, Svetlana Shcherban
Ukraine has ratified the Optional Protocol to UN Convention Against Torture on June 21 2006. Since that date the State has to designate/establish or appoint a National Preventive Mechanism(s) against torture and ill-treatment. Proposed by the OPCAT system is basically concentrated on the prevention of torture and ill-treatment rather than on investigation and reaction on the given facts. The Protocol is based on the statement: the more transparent custody the less occurrence of torture and ill-treatment.
HUMAN RIGHTS

Summary of the research Survey of public opinion as an evaluation tool of militia efficiency in Kharkiv City-2010

08.02.11 | Andrew Chernousov
Summary of the research Survey of public opinion as an evaluation tool of militia efficiency in Kharkiv City-2010 This regional study is a response to one of the biggest challenges in Ukraines law enforcement of today, videlicet: development of new methods for evaluating the performance of law enforcement. This is related to the fact that many negative practices in the police force arise of the need to meet the targets set for crime detection rates or, conversely, to retain the number of reported crimes. That is why one of the objectives of the study was to develop an alternative method of evaluation, rather than to take a direct measurement of the police performance.
UNLAWFUL VIOLENCE

SUMMARY OF THE RESEARCH UNLAWFUL VIOLENCE IN MILITIA - 2009

08.02.11 | Denys Kobzin
For the research weve selected 5 regions, which are structurally represented different parts of Ukraine: Lviv, Kharkiv, Poltava, Kiev and Crimea. In each region in the course of mass survey were conducted 600 face-to-face interviews in randomized sample. Thus, in Donetsk Region the survey was conducted in Regional centre, 5 other Regional Cities, one settlement and three villages; in Kiev Region in Kiev, four cities of the Region, one settlement and 4 villages; in Lviv in Regional Centre, three Regional Cities, one settlement and 11 villages; in Odessa in the Regional Centre, three Regional Cities, one settlement and 9 villages; in Kharkiv in the Regional Center, three Regional cities, one settlement and six villages. Viewing purposes and goals, characteristics of the research object, in the given sociological survey was used two-level sampling with use of systematic sampling on the first stage and randomized sampling on the second stage. On the first step of sampling from general population, represented by lists of addresses of households by using the systematic selection were selected 180 starting points of respondents. These starting points were the beginning for the respondent chain consisting of 5 addresses. On the second step of the sampling (selecting respondents in households) was used procedure of randomized sampling the nearest birthday in the household. Parameters of the sample as a whole reflect the model of general population and meet requirements of representativeness. Sampling error is not exceeding 0,5%. This gives us an opportunity to spread all conclusions of the research to the whole general population with an error of 0,5%. All research data were mathematically processed with use of statistic package of SPSS (ver.13.0).

ASSESSMENT OF POLICING IN KHARKIV AND KHARKIV REGION: CITIZENS PERCEPTION

KhISR

This study is an independent assessment of the current policing situation in Kharkiv and Kharkiv Region and confidence in the police conducted by Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches supported by Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group.

Using Public Opinion for Evaluation of Police Performance

National Survey Report

Our national survey report "Using Public Opinion for Evaluation of Police Performance" is now available in English.

Study of legal problem of Roma people in Transcarpathia and Cherkasy Regions of Ukraine

Svitlana Shcherban
Conducted researches in Ukraine demonstrated that discriminatory practices are purely distributed and actual towards particular ethnic groups. One of the most vulnerable stigmatized categories are Roma people, because most of them faced their rights violations are unable either to formulate their problems nor to protect their rights. In spite of the declared democratization processes in Ukrinae we still experiencing massive violations of Romas rights, neglecting human rights standards, humiliation of human dignity.

The conference within the framework of the European Union/Council of Europe Joint Programme "Combating Ill-treatment and Impunity"

Maria Kolokolova
On June 2-3, 2011 the International Conference devoted discussion of the issues of developing effective complaints systems in line with European standards was held in Kyiv, Ukraine. The Conference was organized by the Council of Europe within Joint Programme between the European Union and the Council of Europe Combating ill-treatment and impunity in South Caucasus, Moldova and Ukraine, in cooperation with the Kharkiv Institute for Social Researches.

SUMMARY OF THE RESEARCH MONITORING OF UNLAWFUL VIOLENCE IN MILITIA - 2010

Denys Kobzin, Andrew Chernousov
In the previous edition of the Monitoring of unlawful violence in militia - 2009 weve ascertained that Ukraine has made a number of sufficient steps forward in the direction of improving standards of human rights protection. But to our deepest regret finalizing results of year 2010, we should admit absence of any promotion of declared changes and the beginning of the dangerous reverse action.

Deaths in militia (police) custody: what to do?

Andrew Chernousov, translated by Maria Kolokolova
Deaths in militia (police) custody: what to do? For the last year the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine became a some sort of record holder: under its jurisdiction more then 50 Ukrainians DIED. Of course not all deaths were caused by militiamen, but in significant number of cases they were involved. Igor Indylo, Myhailo Stadnyk, Dmytro Yashchuk, Olexandr Razumenko this list may be continued, but all these names are combined by one disaster they DIED in militia stations